By Dr. Hussaini Daniels ( aka Pandora)
The theory of time-mass discrepancy is the theory that the experience of reality or real time as related to the size/mass of the organism. The theory asserts that the smaller the creature the greater is submersion in real-time I.e in plain terms, if we allocate 3hours of scientific time to let’s say a man,a rat and an insect their experience of the same objective 3 hours would differ, the 3hrs to the rat would be longer than that of the man ,and far longer for the insect. 2weeks to man is not so significant as variation in his height and weight wouldn’t be marked, but same 2weeks a mosquito was formed, it metamorphose from larvae to mosquito, then grew from baby mosquito to adult mosquito and finally it is an elder mosquito approaching the end of his life span, all in the same 2weeks. The physical explanation to this may be that the smaller an organism gets the closer it is to the quantum environment. Organisms with smaller mass live more in time. i.e time perception is inversely proportional to the size and mass of the animal.
Animals have an internal clock system which gives them allowances of flexibility within spacetime, this allowance of flexibility is inversely proportional to life span, I.e the more an organism possess flexibility and rapidity of metabolism and locomotion the shorter the life span. As more biological activities would be engaged in a short time, leading to the animal aging faster, e.g the rapidity and frequency of biological activity and physical motion that can be made in a second is higher in an ant, or mosquitoe than in man. Larger creatures consume more time in engaging in various activities, this explains why larger animals require more time for gestation (horse,elephant etc) than smaller animals (rats,ant,fly,etc).
This explains also why the respiratory rate of smaller animals within a given time is more than that of larger animals within the same time, this also explains why the heart rate and pulse is faster in smaller animals than in larger ones and why larger animals have lower basal metabolic rates (BMR) than smaller animals
CONCEPT OF TIME
The concept “time” can be classified into Objective time and Subjective time, with real-time coming under objective time and Biologic time/internal time and scientific time coming under subjective time. In order not to digress, I’ll try to explain time in the light of biologic time, scientific time and the concept of time perception.
– Internal time /Biologic time
– External time / scientific time
– Time perception
The internal clock/Biologic time
Internal clock is the organisms own timing system different from that of the objective universe making it subjective in nature.The correlation of the internal clock with the time in space may be great or little. The internal time can correspond to the mental or psychic experience of reality by an organism, it could be likened to the experience of existence by an organisms.There is both inter-specie and intra-specie variation in internal time.The internal time can also be called “BIOLOGIC TIME”
Two contrasting viewpoints on time divide many prominent philosophers. One view is that time is part of the fundamental structure of the universe—a dimension independent of events, in which events occur in sequence. Sir Isaac Newton subscribed to this realist view, and hence it is sometimes referred to as Newtonian time. The opposing view is that time does not refer to any kind of “container” that events and objects “move through”, nor to any entity that “flows”, but that it is instead part of a fundamental intellectual structure (together with space and number) within which humans sequence and compare events. This second view, in the tradition of Gottfried Leibniz and Immanuel Kant, holds that time is neither an event nor a thing, and thus is not itself measurable nor can it be travelled.
The interplay between the internal time and the external time is what results in time perception.
Time perception is a field of study within psychology and neuroscience that refers to the subjective experience of time, which is measured by someone’s own perception of the duration of the indefinite and continuous unfolding of events. The perceived time interval between two successive events is referred to as perceived duration. Another person’s perception of time cannot be directly experienced or understood, but it can be objectively studied and inferred through a number of scientific experiments. Time perception is a construction of the brain that is manipulable and distortable under certain circumstances. These temporal illusions help to expose the underlying neural mechanisms of time perception.
Pioneering work, emphasizing species-specific differences, was conducted by Karl Ernst von Baer. Experimental work began under the influence of the psycho-physical notions of Gustav Theodor Fechner with studies of the relationship between perceived and measured time.
Descripancy between the internal time and external time can occur as a result of the animal involved, the species, the stage of evolution of the animal, and genetic mutation and influence on the animal.
EFFECTS IN PERCEPTION
Effect of desparity btw internal clock and external clock:- this occurs in the following ways.
– When the internal clock moves faster than the external clock providing the animal with more time for activity, speed, decision making and aging ultimately or
– When the internal time moves slower than the external time where the animals/organism becomes very slow in physical and biological activities and have a prolonged life span, e.g tortoise, trees etc.
The greater this desparity with the advantage of speed on the side of the internal clock the shorter the life span of the organism in the physical realm of time and space.
The in-depth understanding of the relationship between the size of an organism, time perception and how it affects lifespan may someday advance our understanding of reality. I must say that my assertion in this write-up are in the infancy stages of development and further research and observations would shed more light on our understanding of life and cause an evolution or complete shift in our paradigm of thoughts as regards the concepts of reality, maybe sometime in the distant or near future research along this line may result in the ability of man to gain more time and increase or extend our life-span. Maybe one day man would be able to balance the aging process with time perception to achieve a state of biologic immortality or maybe I am just been over ambitious as regards this line of thought, one thing that is sure is that man would never stop to think because that’s only how we solve problems and evolve to states of better comprehension of reality. So many well established scientific knowledge today were products of alleged myths or overzealous theories ages ago. The science behind television would have sounded like palor-tricks to a scientist in 600AD, telephones would have been magic in display to the wisest person in 400BC, in like manner the science and technology in the year 5000CE would totally throw scientists of today off balance. Lets never stop thinking and exploring ideas till we conquer hidden realms of knowledge and ideas.